Regarding the cabinet of numismatics, it is worth mentioning the remarkable series of Spanish medals coming from the Romero Ortiz Collection, as the bronze from Giampaolo Poggini’s workshop, coined in 1556, which features the bust of Philip II on the obverse and Bellerophon riding Pegasus on the reverse.
We can tell different typologies depending on the use and intention with which they were coined. The colonial theme is represented in pieces as the medal coined in 1801 with regard to the settlement of the Sierra Morena colonies (1774), with the side-view bust of Charles III on the obverse and the allegory of Spain on a plinth on the reverse.
The theme of enthronements, very suggesting and ideal for this type of allegoric representations, is very present in the numismatics cabinet, in pieces like the enthronement of Charles IV in Veracruz (1789) or the enthronement of Elisabeth II in Écija (1834).
The medals related to royal marriages have in common the representation, on the obverse, of the busts of the just married, in side-view and framed by their names. The one related to the Marriage of King Alphonse XIII and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (1906), is worth mentioning. Those coined by certain cities to commemorate such marriages were also common, as in the case of the medal Cádiz to the Marriage of Ferdinand VII and Maria Isabel of Portugal, (1816), which keeps the reverse to represent the Coat of Arms of the city while the obverse shows the joined busts of the royal couple. Certain political events remain represented in pieces such as the proclamation of the Constitution of Cádiz (1812), which shows, on the obverse, a beautiful allegory of Spain and America holding the Constitution Tablets or Ferdinand VII taking the oath to the Constitution (1820).